South Dakota HIV/AIDS facts and information
As of January 2016, the South Dakota Department of Health reports more than 500 individuals are living with HIV/AIDS in the state.
25 new HIV cases were reported in 2015
South Dakota HIV/AIDS Statistics
through December 2015
Number of South Dakota residents reported infected with HIV — 730
Number of the above who have been diagnosed with AIDS — 391
Number estimated to be living with HIV/AIDS in South Dakota — 547
South Dakota Department of Health
How you CAN get HIV infection/AIDS
Blood, semen, vaginal secretions, breast feeding
- Unprotected sexual contact (anal, vaginal, or oral) with an HIV infected person
- Sharing needles and syringes – injectable drug use
- Receiving blood transfusions or organs between January 1977 and June 1985 (blood and organs received after June 1985 are considered safe from HIV)
- Mother to baby before, during, or after birth (HIV may be transmitted through breast milk if infant is nursed by an HIV infected mother)
- Occupation in healthcare or lab
How you WON’T CONTRACT HIV infection/AIDS
- Not by being bitten by mosquitoes or other bugs
- Not by being bitten by an animal
- Not through saliva, tears, urine, stool
- Not by eating food handled, prepared, or served by someone with HIV infection
- Not by sharing toilets, telephones, or clothes
- Not by sharing forks, spoons, knives, or drinking glasses
- Not by touching, hugging, or kissing a person with HIV infection
- Not by attending school, participating in sports, church, shopping malls, or other public places with HIV infected people
How You Can Reduce Your Risk of Exposure and Infection with HIV
- Abstain from having sexual intercourse. Your risk of exposure to HIV through
sexual contact becomes zero when you are not exposed to potentially infectious blood, semen, or vaginal secretions.
- Develop a monogamous relationship with mutual fidelity. Persons who are not infected and in a monogamous (one sex partner) relationship with mutual fidelity (no cheating), have no risk of exposure to HIV through sex (provided neither shares IV drug needles).
- Avoid sex with persons at risk for getting HIV, persons who have tested positive for HIV, or persons who have AIDS.
- Use of condoms can reduce your risk of any sexually transmitted disease, but they are NO guarantee. Brand name latex is best.
- Don’t abuse IV drugs. Don’t shoot drugs, if you do, don’t share needles or
syringes. Many diseases are spread this way (Hepatitis).
- If you think you may have been exposed to HIV, get counseled and tested.
Symptoms of HIV Infection
- The only way to know whether you are infected is to be tested for HIV.
- You cannot rely on symptoms alone because many people who are infected with HIV do not have symptoms for many years.
- Someone can look and feel healthy but can still be infected.
- In fact, one quarter of the HIV-infected persons in the United States do not know that they are infected. See the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Q&A for more information.
- Once HIV enters the body, the body starts to produce antibodies—substances the immune system creates after infection.
- There are many different kinds of HIV tests, including rapid tests and home test kits.
- All HIV tests approved by the US government are very good at finding HIV. See the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Q&A on testing for more information.
Finding a Testing Site
- Heartland Health offers FREE rapid HIV testing at our office location.
- You can locate additional testing sites by clicking here or visiting the Department of Health web page, the CDC HIV testing database or by calling CDC-INFO (formerly the CDC National AIDS Hotline) at 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636) 24 Hours/Day. You do not have to give any personal information about yourself to use these services to find a testing site.